Phân tích bài Quốc gia của Nguyễn Khoa Điềm (hay nhất)

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Analysis of the article: The country of Nguyen Khoa Diem

Someone has also asked me if there is a deeper, quieter love than the love of the Fatherland? To answer these questions, many poems have taken off. We see the image of a country suffering, resentful, hateful, rising up and fighting gloriously in Nguyen Dinh Thi’s poetry, we see Le Anh Xuan with the standing pose of Vietnam soaring into the spring, with Xuan Dieu as “my fatherland”. like a ship”, in 1971 Nguyen Khoa Diem also added a good poetic idea on the topic of the country. It is the poem Country.

The country’s works were born together with the epic “Following Uncle’s footsteps” (To Huu), “Song Cho Rao” (Thu Bon)… But these epics develop emotions around the story of a hero’s life. . Particularly with Nguyen Khoa’s epic “The Aspirational Road”, the emotional development follows the conscious movement of an urban youth class in Vietnam who are awakened to the present of the country to see clearly the enemy and consciousness. about the responsibility of their generation to revive the way of struggle to integrate with the struggle of the whole nation.

“When I grow up, the Country already has….

The Country from that day…”

The poem with a gentle, whispering voice brought us back to the origin of the country. The country from which date is unknown, only know that:

“When we grow up, the country already has

The Country is in those “once upon a time…” mom used to tell me”

The country started with the betel nut she now eats

The country grows up when its people know how to plant bamboo and fight the enemy”

When explaining the origin of the country, the author explains that the country is associated with fine customs, with fairy tales, with the custom of eating betel nut, hair bun; with the tradition of hard work, indomitable hero against foreign invaders, formed from a meaningful lifestyle “Parents love each other with salt and spicy ginger”. The lyrics are like narrative, simple and close images, and the author uses folklore elements to explain the country’s familiar, close and present roots in every simple, close-knit family. so sacred.

Next is how the author perceives the country in terms of geography, history and reminds the sense of national origin. In terms of geography, the author feels:

“The land is where I go to school

Water is where I bathe

The country is where we meet

The country is where I dropped the towel in my nostalgia

The land is where “the phoenix flies to the silver mountain”

Water is the place where the “fisherman fish with the claws of the sea water”

The author defines very specifically: “Land is ….., Water is…. and in general, Country is…. Country is perceived as close and intimate spaces like where we date, where you play. dropped the towel in silent nostalgia.

The land is where “the phoenix flies to the silver mountain”

Water is the place where the “fisherman fish with the claws of the sea water”

Indeed, the country originates from the smallest love and then grows up to the majestic, sacred, unified and unified whole. Historically, the country is the place where our people reunite.

“Long time”

Vast space

The country is where our people reunite

The land is where the birds come

Water is where dragons live

Lac Long Quan and Au Co

Spread out our compatriots in the eggs”

The country is the living space of our ethnic community for generations since Lac Long Quan and Au Co gave birth to our compatriots in egg bags until now and in the future, it is still a space of existence and development. spread over a vast space. From that feeling, the poet reminds to have a sense of national origin, or the next generation must be grateful to the previous generation towards the ancestral land, remembering their Dragon and Fairy lineage.

“Those who have died

Who now

Fall in love and have children

Carry the part left by the person who went before

Teach your children and grandchildren about the future

Where to eat every year

They also know how to bow their heads to remember the anniversary of the ancestors’ death.”

With simple, modern expressions that are impressive and close, the poem not only shows the feeling about the country but also expresses the author’s earnest love for the country and the author’s message to all children. child. The country is close and closely associated with you, with me, with everyone:

“In you and me today

We all have a part of the country.”

With a sentimental, sweet poetic voice like the words of a couple who love each other, the author affirms that people are the core of the country, or that each person is a part of the community and the country with closeness and love. and proud.

“The land is where I go to school

Water is where I bathe

The country is where we meet

The country is where I dropped the towel in my nostalgia.”

The country is located in the very living space with all the love and affection. It is for this reason that:

“When you two hold hands

The country in us is warmly harmonious

When we hold people’s hands

The Country is full and big.”

When couples fall in love, it is also when a small country is built to grow a big country together. When we hold people’s hands – people hold each other’s hands, love and help each other – with solidarity and love for our fellow citizens, it will create strength for the country’s “big roundness to make history of the people”. nation and country.

“Tomorrow, my child will grow up

I will take the Country far away

To the days of dreaming”

Future generations of descendants will follow in the footsteps of their fathers to steer the country to become more and more beautiful, more prosperous and civilized. Poetry becomes sweet and passionate:

“My dear, the country is my blood and bones

Must know how to stick and share

Must know how to embody the shape of the country

Make the Country forever”.

The poet makes a loving call to “my dear brother” to remind that the country is the sweat and blood of the ancestors and the people of thousands of generations. Therefore, “must know” to stick, share, embody the shape of the country – must know how to unite, share and dedicate and sacrifice for the country. Even in the fierce anti-American situation, Nguyen Khoa Diem’s ​​poetry is a drumbeat to awaken the fighting spirit of each individual to win and keep the country.

The poet sows in each verse praising the country:

“Wives who miss their husbands also contribute to the country Vong Phu mountains….

The lives that have turned our mountains and rivers…”

The poem praises the majestic country and affirms the author’s noble qualities about the country and people of Vietnam. The majestic country with beautiful landscapes has gone into fairy tales. Nguyen Khoa Diem had a very humane view that the mountain and the island contribute to the beauty of the country. It seems that the happy and peaceful couple has built the country more magnificent and great.

The next two verses praise the country’s beauty in terms of history and tradition:

“Saint Giong’s hooves passed, but a hundred ponds and lagoons remained

Ninety-nine elephants contribute to building the land of the Hung Kings.”

The “horse heel of Saint Giong” has left the young country with ponds and lakes in the present day Ha Bac region. Ninety-nine elephants in Phong Chau gathered and joined forces to “contribute to build the land of Hung Kings’ ancestors”. The words “passing through and leaving behind”, “contributing to build” are simple but proud, proud of the sacredness of the country. The country has high mountains, wide sea, long river, the Red River is “red and heavy with alluvium”, there is Cuu Long Giang with poetic shape, embracing the legend of beauty that the author likens to a dragon.

“The dragons lie still in the deep blue river”

The dragons “laying still” for many generations that the people of the South love have “deep blue river” with alluvial fresh water, shrimp and fish, … are the image of a beautiful country, talented Vietnamese people and people. suffered hard. Looking at the Pen mountain, Nguyen Khoa Diem did not talk about “the genius of the people” with the spirit of respecting the teacher and the religion of our people. The poor students contributed to their country Nui But, Non Nghien. Ha Long became a wonder, a landscape thanks to “Toad, Ong Doc, Ong Trang … made it. The poet praised the virtues of industriousness, industriousness, and courage “making the country forever”. Eight verses with many legendary places and fairy tales mentioned by the poet express the author’s pride and gratitude to the country and people for human qualities: wisdom, loyalty, industriousness, brave…. It is the beauty of the people that makes the mountains and rivers richer and more beautiful.

After eight verses, the poetic voice resounds passionately and sweetly. With a rhetorical voice combined with loving lyricism.

“And everywhere in the fields and hills

Without a shape, a desire, a way of life

Oh Country, after four thousand years I can see it everywhere

The lives that have turned our mountains and rivers…”

Four verses are the shape of the country that appears to be rustic, simple and dear, close to rice fields, corn fields…. The country with all that simplicity is the shape that his father always wanted and built. It seems that people are the biggest nucleus to make the country more diverse, beautiful and fresh. Thus, through the image of the country, the author praises the people’s soul, the bravery of the race and the posture of Vietnam, and expresses his love and pride for the country’s homeland.

The idea of ​​the people’s country is mentioned by the author in every word:

“My dear….

Reminiscent of hundreds of colors on hundreds of river shapes.”

The beginning of the poem is a friendly and sweet call “My dear” let’s look back at the country’s four thousand years, look back at the past of the people, the country with 4000 years of culture associated with the Vietnamese people who need it. industrious in labor and heroic in combat:

“Every year, every year is someone from the same class

Girls and boys the same age as us

Hard work

When there is a war, the son goes to war

The daughter returned to raise children with her children

When the enemy came to the house, the women also fought.”

The poetic voice is both emotional and affirms the noble tradition of the Vietnamese people with eight golden words: resilience, indomitable, loyal, courageous.

“Many people have become heroes

Many heroes both you and I remember.”

In the cause of building and defending the country, there are people who have sacrificed silently that the author never forgets:

“But you know what

How many girls and boys

Among the four thousand classes of people my age

They lived and died

Simple and calm

No one remembers the name

But they made the Country.”

It is the people who have made great contributions to the cause of yesterday, today and in the future:

“They kept and passed on to me the grain I planted

They spread fire through every house, from coal to bow

They pass their voices on to their children to practice speaking

They carry the name of the commune, the name of the village on each migration trip

They build dams for people who plant trees to pick fruit

If there is a foreign invasion, then fight against it

If there are internal enemies, rise up and defeat them.”

The author’s use of repetition, specific and evocative images further affirms the power of the people in creating, preserving the material and spiritual values ​​of the country, in the cause of construction and protection. Country. The author asserts:

“Let this Country be the Country of the People

The Country of the People, the Country of the Mythical Folk”

With a lyrical voice – deep political commentary, the author affirms that the people play the main role in the cause of national construction and defense. Is the author reminding every citizen of his sense of responsibility, patriotism and national pride?

“Teach me “to love you from the cradle”

Knowing that a gentleman holds gold in his diving days

Know how to plant bamboo and wait for the day to become a stick

Go for revenge without fear of the long run”

Creatively applying folklore to remind and affirm the noble traditions of our people: passionate in love, heroic in battle. That is the strength for the country to win and move forward. The poet is aware of the source of the people’s strength, so he hopes and believes:

Oh, where do rivers get their water?

And when I return to my country, I start singing

People come to sing while rowing boats, pulling boats across the falls

Suggest hundreds of colors on hundreds of river shapes.

The poet’s passionate voice, creative application of folklore elements, beautiful ideas, sincere feelings, the author has shown both pride and fervent love for the homeland.

Thus, by using skillfully and creatively, the idyllic and modern expression makes an impression that is both close and new to the reader, combining the passionate, profound and rich lyrical – political voice. Reflection Nguyen Khoa Diem reminds the young generation today to strive harder for the country forever and remember:

“Don’t ask what the country has done for us, ask what we have done for the country today”

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Posted by: Trinh Hoai Duc High School

Category: Grade 12, Literature 12

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